Spasticity is a feeling of stiffness as well as a wide range of involuntary contractions in the muscles. Although it tends to commonly occur in the legs, it may also be experienced in the hands. It usually manifests itself as a severe pain or a feeling of mild tightness. Spasticity can result in a person’s body becoming twisted or distorted, almost as if the individual were folded up like a pretzel. This sign often goes together with weakness of the limbs or another part of the body.
6. Vision Problems
Vision problems like numbness are one of the most well-known early signs prompting people to see the doctor. The problem may manifest as eye pain, scotoma (loss of light perception or field), or blurred vision. These problems usually emerge as a result of optic nerve inflammation or optic neuritis, according to recent medical research. Even though vision problems might interfere with driving and working, they tend to resolve on their own with time.
7. Bladder Problems
Dysfunctional bladder is also very common in MS. Seventy percent of people with MS report having experienced issues such as urinating more frequently, difficulty emptying the bladder completely, and having a sudden urge to urinate (urge incontinence). It’s important to note, however, that most bladder problems can be managed successfully through fluid and dietary management, catheterization, and medications.
Weakness comes about as a result of damage to the muscle-stimulating nerves, or deconditioning of unused muscles. Rehabilitation strategies can greatly help in the management of weakness in MS patients. It is estimated that one in five people with MS will experience weakness in various parts of their bodies sporadically, making it one of the most common signs of the disease.